Bladder Cancer Tests & Diagnosis
Your urologic surgeon at Advanced Urology will perform a complete physical examination and order diagnostic tests that may include:
Bladder Biopsy: During a biopsy, we remove a small section of cells for testing.
Computed Tomography (CT): Imaging tool used to determine the presence of cancer and if it is confined to the bladder or has spread to the surrounding organs.
Cystoscopy: Using a narrow flexible tube equipped with a tiny camera to look inside the urethra and bladder to discover any abnormalities. This is usually one of the first steps in diagnosis.
Urine Cytology and/or Fluorescence In Situ Hybridization (FISH): Examining the urine in a laboratory using various techniques for analysis.
Urinalysis: We collect a sample of urine to test for the presence of blood, which can be a sign of cancer.
Bladder Cancer Staging
Bladder cancer is staged based on the degree to which it has invaded the bladder and the stage of bladder cancer determines the appropriate treatment.
Stage Ta or CIS: Tumor that is only in the bladder lining
Stage T1: Tumor goes through the bladder lining, but does not reach the muscle layer of the bladder
Stage T2: Tumor goes into the muscle layer of the bladder
Stage T3: Tumor goes past the muscle layer into tissue surrounding the bladder
Stage T4: Tumor has spread to area lymph nodes or other organs surrounding the bladder (also called metastatic disease)
In addition to staging, Advanced Urology will determine if your bladder tumor is low grade or high grade. High-grade tumors, even if caught early, will require more aggressive treatment due to their fast-growing nature.