Prostatitis describes the inflammation of the prostate and often results in swelling or pain. It is one of the most common urology diseases impacting 5 to 10 percent of males. There are four types of this disease:

  1. Acute bacterial prostatitis: An infection caused by bacteria that causes bladder infections.
  2. Chronic bacterial prostatitis: Ongoing bacterial infection in the prostate.
  3. Chronic prostatitis without infection/Chronic pelvic pain: Recurrent pelvic area pain with no evidence of a bladder infection.
  4. Asymptomatic inflammatory prostatitis: No symptoms emerge and may only be discovered when undergoing tests for other conditions such as infertility problems.


Prostatitis symptoms may vary depending on the type of prostatitis, but in general, if symptoms emerge, they are related to pain or discomfort in the pelvic area, urination problems and sexual dysfunction. Additional symptoms may include:

  • Frequent urination or urgent need to urinate
  • Difficult or painful urination
  • Weak stream when urinating
  • Fever and chills
  • Frequent bladder infection
  • Pain during or after ejaculation
  • Lower abdomen, groin or back pain