Testicular Cancer Tests & Diagnosis
If testicular cancer is suspected, your doctor may use one or more of the following tests to confirm the diagnosis.
Physical Exam: Your doctor will use gloved hands to feel the testicles for a hard lump, which may indicate cancer. Additionally, the provider may hold light up to the scrotum to see if light passes through. If not, it may indicate the presence of a tumor.
Ultrasound: This non-invasive scan is used to take images of the scrotum and testicles to visualize any masses that may be present.
Blood Tests: Blood samples may be taken and analyzed to determine the presence of cancer.
X-Ray or Computed Tomography (CT) scans: These scans may be used to take images of the area to determine the presence of a mass.
Testicular Cancer Types
There are two main types of testicular cancer: seminomatous and non-seminomatous types. Seminomas are not as aggressive and responds very well to radiation and surgical therapy. Non-seminomatous types (Teratoma, choriocarcinoma, yolk sac, and embryonal) are slightly more aggressive, but still respond to radiation therapy, but chemotherapy may be a better option.
Testicular Cancer Staging
Your doctor will use computed tomography (CT) scans and/or blood tests to determine if the cancer has spread outside the testicles. This information will help him determine the best course of treatment to recommend.
Once a definitive testicular cancer diagnosis has been made, your doctor will work closely with you to determine an appropriate treatment plan to meet your medical needs and treatment preferences.