Once your doctor has confirmed a testicular cancer diagnosis, he works closely with you to create a treatment plan that meets your specific medical needs and treatment preferences.
Your testicular cancer treatment may include one or more of the following options:
Radial Inguineal Orchiectomy is surgery to remove the entire testicle. Through an incision in the groin, the surgeon removes the entire testicle and (as desired) may replace it with a saline-filled prosthetic. Surgery is the primary treatment for both types and all stages of testicular cancer. For early stage patients, surgery with regular follow up exams may be the only treatment needed. In some instances, a retroperitoneal lymph node dissection may also be considered for patients with evidence of disease in the abdomen. In this case, an incision in the abdomen is used to access the region where lymph nodes can become involved in cases of testicular cancer.
Radiation therapy uses high energy beams aimed at the tumor to destroy it. Radiation therapy may lead to infertility, which may or may not be reversed after healing.
Chemotherapy is the use of drugs administered to the body to kill the cancer. It may be used after surgery to ensure all the cancer is destroyed.